Ridvan that is also called Rezvan in Persian pronunciation is a kind of holy festival in Baha’i Faith. This is a twelve-day festival that basically commemorates the declaration of Baha’u’llah that he was the manifestation of God. If we talk about the meaning, well, it actually means paradise in Arabic. Talking about the significance of this word, Ridvan, well, it was first used by Baha’u’llah who is the prophet founder of Baha’i Faith. Baha’u’llah used this word to elaborate on the garden in which he spent his last 12 days in Baghdad. This is actually called the ‘Garden of Ridvan’. Well, these 12 days are considered as the ‘Most Great Festival’. Among these 12 days, the 1st, 9th, and 12th days are considered complete holidays. Schools and offices remain closed on these days of the Festival of Ridvan.
Festivals are a time to play the songs people know and are looking forward to hearing.Scott Hutchison
Know More About The Festival Of Ridvan
In order to understand the importance of these 12 days, you must know the background of the Ridvan Festival. During the lifetime of Baha’u’llah, he actually experienced many years of imprisonment, exile, and suffering. He suffered a lot because of his advanced and positive mindset. Back in 1800, people were not actually ready for his groundbreaking teachings. Baha’u’llah wanted to teach people about universal education, elimination of all prejudice, and equality of all people.
Apart from these, the religious organizations and the government felt threatened by the respect and love that people of that time had for Baha’u’llah. It was in 1863 when Baha’u’llah was forced to leave Baghdad for Constantinople. It took three months to complete this journey. People became very sad to hear this news. They realized that they need a bigger space where the followers of Baha’u’llah can gather to bid farewell. Fortunately, the owner of Najibiyyih Garden offered to host Baha’u’llah and his family for the 12 days before they leave for Constantinople. Now, those 12 days are now known as the Festival of Ridvan. So, this is all about the history of the Ridvan Festival.
Significance Of The Festival Of Ridvan
In fact, it was a sad time for the people who were there to say goodbye to Baha’u’llah. But, Baha’u’llah wanted to make those 12 days a joyous occasion. During those 12 days, Baha’u’llah declared his mission as the ‘promised divine teacher’. This is why the Festival of Ridvan is considered the ‘Most Great Festival’. People on these days celebrate the birth of their faith. Out of these 12 days, Baha’i people celebrate the 1st, 9th, and 12th days. These days are considered holidays.
Now, you might be thinking when people do celebrate the Festival of Ridvan. Well, as per the Baha’i calendar, this festival occurs in the month of Jalal and it ends in the month of Jamal. The festival starts on the 13th of Jalal and ends on the 5th day of Jamal.